Accurate measuring of both dry and liquid ingredients is essential for success in baking and, to a lesser extent, in cooking.
Even tiny changes in the proportions of a recipe can cause problems in cakes and cookies. Whether using imperial or metric measures, it is imperative to follow one system throughout the recipe.
• There are basically two types of measuring cups: dry ingredient and liquid ingredient.
Dry ingredient measures come in sets of graduated sizes in both imperial (1/4, 1/3, 1/2 and 1 cup) and metric (50,75,125 and 250 mL).
Liquid ingredient measuring cups have levels marked on the outside of the glass or plastic cup with enough space below the rim to prevent spills.
• Standard measuring spoons are used for both liquid and dry ingredients. They are also graduated with markings: 1/4 tsp, 1/2 tsp, 1 tsp, 1 tbsp, or 1 mL, 2 mL, 5 mL, 15 mL.
• For dry ingredients, such as all-purpose or whole grain flours, granulated sugar or cornstarch, lightly spoon into a dry measure until heaping, without packing or tapping. Level it off with the straight edge of a knife. For brown sugar, pack it down lightly until it holds the shape of the measure when turned out.
• For liquid ingredients, place the liquid measure on a flat surface. Pour in liquid to the desired level and then bend down so that your eye is level with the measure to check for accuracy.
• For fat ingredients, such as butter, shortening and margarine, cut off desired amount according to convenient package markings. Or press firmly into a dry measure, levelling off the top with the straight edge of a knife.
Use dry measures for sour cream, yogurt, cream cheese and grated or shredded cheese.
To cook shrimp in a skillet, heat oil (or butter) over medium heat. Add your peeled shrimp, stirring occasionally, until the shrimp turns pink and opaque, which should take anywhere from 4 to 7 minutes depending on the size of your shrimp and the heat of your pan. As soon as the shrimp is pink and opaque on both sides, remove the shrimp from the heat or it will very quickly go from perfect to overdone.
Here are 7 things to avoid when cooking shrimp:
1. Using shrimp that’s past its prime: All protein tastes best when it’s super fresh, but that’s a real non-negotiable for shrimp. Fresh shrimp should be used within 24 hours, as should thawed shrimp. If you’re not sure when you’re going to consume the shrimp, it’s best to buy it frozen so you can take it out as needed.
2. Over seasoning: Shrimp is naturally quite salty, so make sure not to over season it. Taste as you go and err on the side of under seasoning. You can always add a little pinch of salt if needed, but it’s much harder to take one away!
3. Cooking shrimp that hasn’t been completely thawed: Shrimp must be completely thawed before cooking. If it isn’t, you’ll end up with a watery, unappetizing mess. Once your shrimp has completely thawed, you can pat it dry with a paper towel before cooking. This will remove excess water and give your shrimp the best possible texture.
4. Low heat: Make sure the shrimp starts searing away when it first hits the pan so it doesn’t simmer instead of searing. Medium heat is as low as you should go!
5. Keeping the tails: There is a time and a place for keeping shrimp tails attached (think shrimp cocktail) but when eaten as part of a dish, it’s easier and less messy to not have to deal with the shrimp tails at all.
6. Forgetting to properly peel and unvein the shrimp: Although most of us are well-aware of where our food comes from, finding a piece of shrimp shell or a black vein (which is basically the intestinal tract of the shrimp) is not incredibly appetizing — and it doesn’t taste good! Make sure to evenly peel the shrimp and devein it before using. Even when shrimp is labelled as deveined, it’s a good idea to quickly check each one just to make sure it’s been adequately cleaned. 7. Buying previously cooked frozen shrimp: Shrimp which has already been cooked and then frozen might seem like a great time-saver, but it really does not have the best texture. It’s more watery and usually doesn’t taste that great. Always opt for unpeeled, uncooked frozen shrimp if you're not buying it fresh from the fish counter.
Are you keen for quinoa? Here are 2 easy ways to cook quinoa that work every time you want to add this superfood to your recipes. The pasta method In a large pot of boiling water, cook quinoa until tender, about 10 to 12 minutes. Drain well. The rice method* *This method uses the 2:1 ratio of water to quinoa, for example, for every 1 cup of uncooked quinoa, you'll need 2 cups of water. In saucepot of boiling water, stir in quinoa; return to boil, cover, reduce heat to simmer until all the water has absorbed, about 15 minutes. Remove from heat; let stand, covered for 5 minutes. Fluff with fork. I like to have plain cooked quinoa on hand to add into a salad or use as a base for a vegetarian main dish, like our Quinoa Cakes with Lemon Yogurt Sauce but if you're looking for a sweet treat, check out our delicious Quinoa Oatmeal Chocolate Chip CookiesHow do you like to enjoy quinoa?
We polled family doctors from across the country, and they laid down the law on eight things they wish we'd do—or stop doing.
According to our panel of general practitioners, Canadians aren't always doing what they should to make the most of doctor visits—and skipping out on these crucial tactics could lead to a delay in diagnosing serious conditions. Here's what our experts say you should add to your patient checklist.
1. Stop feeling shy
Many of us hesitate to talk to our physicians about sensitive issues (think substance abuse or sexual health—or even gender identity). But honesty and openness are important, both for fostering a good doctor-patient relationship and for ensuring that you get the best care, says Dr. Laura Pripstein, medical director of the Sherbourne Health Centre in Toronto and a staff physician on the family health team. That's why it's OK to try out a doc before committing. Dr. Pripstein recommends booking an initial visit to see if your potential doctor is a good fit. "You want to see if this person seems like someone you can talk to, someone you feel comfortable with," she says. And if you don't think your doctor understands or respects your concerns, don't be afraid to find someone new. "If you feel you can't ask questions that might be embarrassing, you don't have the right provider," says Dr. Pripstein.
2. Don't come to your appointments unprepared
Get the most out of your time—and your doc's—by arriving at your appointment with a clear plan for what you want to discuss, says Dr. David Ross, an associate professor of family medicine at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. "It's good to have patients think about their problems from when the issue began, then look at it chronologically to the present," says Dr. Ross. Making a prioritized point-form list in advance helps ensure that you don't forget anything or mix up the order of events, he says. Then, work with your doctor to address the most serious issues first.
3. Choose your family doc over the walk-in clinic whenever you can
Yes, a clinic is convenient, but what we gain in easy access, we lose in familiarity. "I think it's really valuable if people can connect with a family physician who they'll be able to see long term, rather than just looking for the quickest way to access care," says Dr. Maurianne Reade, a physician with the Manitoulin Central Family Health Team in Mindemoya and M'Chigeeng First Nation, Ont. A family doctor will know your medical history and will keep it in mind when suggesting treatment—so, for example, if you've recently taken several courses of antibiotics for a UTI, your physician will likely look for a different course of action if you come in with another infection. According to the most recent statistics, about 4.5 million Canadians don't have a regular family doctor. If that's you, contact your provincial College of Physicians and Surgeons, or check to see if your region has an online registry (Ontario has Health Care Connect, while Quebec launched a web-based family doctor finder last year). "It's important to know that we doctors are privileged to share in your stories and to help you through difficult times," says Dr. Reade.
4. Share what's happening in your life
There's a reason your doctor wants to know where you're working, if you're dating and how the kids are—and it's not just because she likes you. (Though she does, we're sure.) Physicians need a picture of their patients' lives beyond their specific health symptoms and conditions, especially when they're first getting to know you, says Dr. Stephen Wetmore, the family medicine chair at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University in London, Ont. "Doctors need to know these things to understand how your lifestyle and habits may be influencing your health," he says. So when you're talking about your exercise habits, your health history and whether you smoke, drink or use drugs, mention your employment status, family obligations and intimate relationships, too, says Dr. Wetmore.
5. Be a better googler
Doctors know you do it (hello, late-night web searches), but they would prefer you to ask about good sources of information, rather than going rogue online. They also want you to be honest about your fears if you've read something particularly upsetting. Physicians can't address your concerns or point you in the right direction if they don't know what your fingertips have been up to. "The thing we want our patients to do is ask us for the most reliable Canadian websites to go to as resources," says Dr. Heather Waters, an assistant professor of family medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton.
6. Don't think your symptoms are "no big deal"
If you've noticed you are having more headaches than usual or are sleeping more or are eating less, you might not think to tell your doctor—but you should. There's no set of rules for determining which symptoms are worthy of investigation or discussion, says Dr. Wetmore, but make a note to mention anything that is new or has changed since your last appointment. "You should bring up things like sudden weight loss or fatigue that seems excessive," he says. "It could be a sign of a larger problem, or the cause of a developing problem." Evenif it doesn't end up being serious, seeing your doctor will help ease any anxiety you might be feeling, and that's worth the visit, too.
7. Talk about what you're taking
Tell your physician about any herbal medications and alternative treatments you take, says Dr. Mel Borins, a University of Toronto associate professor and author of A Doctor's Guide to Alternative Medicine: What Works, What Doesn't, and Why. It's important for patients to share what's working for them and for doctors to be open-minded about therapies outside their own practice or traditions, he says. This is also a concern when it comes to conventional meds, especially if you're pregnant; there are only 23 medications specifically approved for use during pregnancy— yes, out of every available drug—which can leave women feeling anxious about taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs when they're expecting, says Dr. Robyn MacQuarrie, an obstetrician-gynecologist in Bridgewater, N.S. But don't stop taking your meds as soon as your pregnancy test comes back positive. "It's really important to talk to your doctor instead of stopping cold turkey," says Dr. MacQuarrie. Physicians can help you determine the risks and benefits of using different drugs, and they can let you know when the effects of not taking a medication while pregnant may be worse than taking it— which is the case with some antidepressants.
8. Avoid diagnosing yourself
You know doctors don't like it when you come in prepared with a diagnosis you've made thanks to the aforementioned Dr. Google. But do you know why? It's not because they think you're encroaching on their territory! Rather, they worry that a serious medical problem might get missed or you'll cause yourself unnecessary anxiety over something not serious. That's because not everyone has the most common symptoms of a particular condition. Plus, men, women and different ethnicities can have varying symptoms for the same problem. For instance, Dr. Reade's community has a large proportion of people with diabetes, which can affect the warning signs of cardiac disease, a major killer in Canada. Instead of the usual pain or pressure on the left side of the chest or arm, men and women with diabetes may instead have spells of profuse sweating with weakness. And, of course, women who don't have diabetes can have differing symptoms, too; sometimes, a heart attack can feel like acid reflux or come with sudden nausea, vomiting and lightheadedness. So always tell your physician if your symptoms are surprising or strange—like a headache that feels different than usual, for example. And if you're worried about a specific diagnosis, be sure to bring that up, too.
While every Canadian faces his or her own unique set of health hurdles, there are a number of ailments that have become pervasive in Canada. Though medicine has advanced over the years, our modern lifestyles have introduced a new set of health challenges. Here are some of the top health problems that Canadians face today.
Hoping to bring your beloved furry companion into the United States for a work trip or vacation? The guidelines are pretty straightforward. Just make sure your paperwork is in order, or your canine or feline could be denied entry or placed in quarantine.
The first step to a smooth trip is to ensure that you bring a general certificate of healthfor your pet, as it is required by many states and airlines. Click here to download the Canadian International Health Certificate. It must be printed on legal paper (8.5” x 14”) and must be completed by a veterinarian in Canada and then endorsed by an official government veterinarian. There will be a fee for the service.
If your pet appears sick on the date of travel, border officials may deny her entrance to the U.S. or may require her to be examined by a veterinarian at your expense.
Dogs: The biggest concern for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is the transmission of rabies, so you must bring proof that your dog has been vaccinated. If your pet is a puppy or is receiving the vaccine for the first time, she must be vaccinated at least 30 days prior to entry to the United States. If she is over 15 months old and is up to date on her boosters, she can enter the country without waiting 30 days.
Your valid rabies vaccination certificate must include:
1. Name and address of owner 2. Breed, sex, age, colour, markings and other identifying information for the dog 3. Date of rabies vaccination and vaccine product information 4. Date the vaccination expires 5. Name, license number, address and signature of veterinarian who administered the vaccination
Puppies under four months of age will be denied entry to the U.S., as they cannot be vaccinated for rabies before three months old.
Some states may require additional vaccinations, health certificates or even restrict certain breeds such as pit bulls. Check the import requirements for your destination state here.
Cats: In general, cats are not required to have proof of rabies vaccination for entry into the United States, but some specific states do require it. To find out if your final destination requires the vaccination, click here for the contact information for the state veterinarian.
Cats arriving in Hawaii or Guam are subject to locally imposed quarantine requirements. Click here for more information.