Eyeliner used to be applied to enhance a look, but for 2016, it is the look. Subtle or dramatic and thin or thick, liner looks come in every variation you can imagine. We asked makeup artist Grace Lee for her best eyeliner tips and techniques—and how to find your perfect formula.
"I love how eyeliner can transform a person's eye," says Grace Lee, lead makeup artist for Maybelline New York Canada. "You can easily make eyes look bigger, exaggerated or elongated." Having a sense of your eyeshape and picking the best formula for you are the starting points of a freat eyeliner look. here are Lee's suggestions.
YOUR EYE SHAPE
Since you already have a flattering shape (lucky you!) use eyeliner to “follow the shape of your eye,” says Lee. If you want to make your eyes look larger, draw the eyeliner thicker at the centre of your eye, giving the illusion of roundness.
Too much eyeliner on deep-set or hooded eyes is a waste—it will disappear whenever you open your lids. Instead, says Lee, “keep the eyeliner as close to the lash line as possible.” This will create the illusion of full, dark lashes while still looking quite natural.
Think of Zooey Deschanel, Katy Perry and Christina Ricci, whose round eyes all benefit from a flick of liquid liner. You can elongate your look by using liner to extend it outward in a cat-eye shape. When doing a cat eye, start with the flick at the outer corner, then work your way in, along the lash line.
YOUR TOOL KIT
“Keep your eyeliner pencil sharpened and clean for precise application,” says Lee. The good news? Pencil liner is the easiest to master, and it’s great for an everyday look.
Left, High: Make Up For Ever Aqua XL Eye Pencil in Matte Black M-10, $25, sephora.ca.
Right, Low: Maybelline New York Master Skinny Eyeliner in Refined Charcoal, $12, maybelline.ca.
When it comes to liquid liner, only one thing will ensure perfect application: practice. Try applying strokes to the back of your hand before tackling your eyelid, suggests Lee. Use liquid liner for retro cat-eye looks.
Left, High: Chanel Stylo Yeux Waterproof Eyeliner Pen in Noir Intense, $35, thebay.com.
Right, Low: Essence Easy 2 Use Jumbo Eyeliner, $4, shoppersdrugmart.ca.
“Use smaller strokes to connect your liner into one long, precise line,” says Lee. It’s easier than trying to get a perfect line in one swipe. Use gel liner to build dimension and to achieve thicker, more graphic looks.
Left, High: Urban Decay Super Saturated Ultra Intense Waterproof Cream Eyeliner in Perversion, $26, urbandecay.ca.
Right, Low: L’Oreal Paris Infallible Lacquer Liner 24H in Blackest Black, $13, lorealparis.ca
Draw some attention to your look with bright line flicks. With colour, “sometimes, it’s more about taking it down a notch than amping it up,” says Lee. “Start with a thin layer, then build a more intense hue as needed.” Try blue or green eyeliner this spring for a fresh pop of colour.
Left, High: M.A.C. Cosmetics Modern Twist Kajal Liner in New Marine, $19.50, maccosmetics.ca
Right, Low: Hard Candy Take Me Out Liner in Yolo, $5, walmart.ca
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This article was originally published in the June 2016 issue of Canadian Living magazine.
If you regularly put off exercise, always forget to floss or struggle with overeating, we have good news: health psychologists have figure out how we can retrain our brains, tricking ourselves into making healthier choices.
You've already put in a full day at work, ferried the kids to soccer, cooked dinner and made sure everyone is organized for tomorrow. Only then do you start thinking about getting in a workout. It's no wonder you decide to skip that run or Spinning class—for the third week straight. Sticking to healthy habits can be challenging, but are modern conveniences making it even harder? Michael Vallis, a registered psychologist, behaviour-change researcher and associate professor of family medicine at Dalhousie University in Halifax, thinks so.
Researchers like Vallis believe that the human brain is no longer adapted to its environment. "We are programmed through evolution to survive," says Vallis. "This means approaching pleasure, avoiding pain and saving energy where we can. But our contemporary worlds are so different that these survival instincts backfire."
We evolved to crave sweet, fatty and salty foods because these nutrients were necessary but scarce when we were hunter-gatherers. In the modern era, we're surrounded by foods high in sugar, fat and salt, plus we live more sedentary lives. It's a losing combination that helps explain increasing rates of obesity and obesity-related diseases.
But, as it turns out, there's new research in the field of health psychology that suggests we may be able to curb seemingly hardwired behaviours, often with only slight modifications to the way we think. Here's how you can trick yourself into making healthier choices.
1. The bad habit: "I often put off exercise."
You're all set to go for a run, until a friend of a friend on Facebook boasts about her much-deserved night in with a glass of wine and Netflix. Come to think of it, you've had a hard day, too. Next thing you know, you've justified skipping a workout, and you feel OK about it. Why? It's the power of social influence on the mind: One person imbibing, smoking or overeating can cause others to follow suit. Researchers have long known this chain reaction occurs in person, and a 2015 study shows that it also occurs over the Internet. Given how much time we spend online, the health ramifications could be significant.
The fix: Choose more positive online influences.
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania found that, if we choose to engage in online communities that are focused on the pursuit of health goals, we may be able to harness the web and social media to help us stick to good exercise habits. For example, seeing someone else's tweet about heading to the gym can inspire you to get in your own workout. In the study, the effect was immediate and long-lasting, according to Damon Centola, the lead researcher and an associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania. Centola says simply knowing that perfect strangers are going to a yoga class motivated participants to get off the sofa. So find some virtual yea-sayers and make sure you read the feeds.
2. The bad habit: "I can't stick to my healthful eating goals."
You really want to achieve the goals you've set for yourself, you happily start planning a dietary revamp and, gung-ho, you embark—until it all fizzles out. That's because the factors that guide diet planning differ from those that guide actual diet behaviour, says Marc Kiviniemi, an associate professor of community health and health behaviour at the University of Buffalo. More specifically, his research shows that thoughts guide our planning process, but in the moment, the choice to eat ice cream or not isn't quite so logical.
The fix: Predict your feelings about food.
When planning your new eating strategy, give a lot of thought to how your feelings will factor in, says Kiviniemi. "Sit down in a quiet place and think about how you will actually feel about eating certain fruits and vegetables, for instance, and make selections in your plan based on those feelings." In other words, make sure your healthy eating plans are enjoyable. It seems intuitive, but it's not something a lot of us do, explains Kiviniemi.
3. The bad habit: "I let the little things stress me out."
Unwinding is important for your health because stress can trigger other unhealthy behaviours (think insomnia and overeating), as well as inflammation in the body, which, in turn, increases risk of other diseases. But if you get stressed just trying to figure out how to change the stressors in your life, it's time for a new outlook.
The fix: Tweak your perspective.
The answer may be as simple as changing the way you feel about stressful everyday events, like a bad meeting at work. This may sound difficult, but a few tricks—including questioning whether the event is a threat and what the consequences may be, and being proactive and taking action to alleviate the situation if it's within your control—can effectively help you become more resilient to stress, says Nancy Sin, a health psychologist at Pennsylvania State University. If you can't control the stressor, managing your emotions—by talking to supportive loved ones or taking part in stress-relieving activities—is key, adds Sin. Her research has found that people with positive emotional stress reactions (happiness, calmness, confidence or enthusiasm) tend to have lower inflammation than people with negative stress reactions (irritability, shame, anger, sadness or frustration).
4. The bad habit: "I never remember to floss."
Most of us probably don't mind flossing—it's not as strenuous as doing 30 minutes of exercise or as disappointing as refusing dessert. But if you didn't get into this healthy habit as a kid, it can be difficult to incorporate into your routine as an adult.
The fix: Use a memory trick.
A 2012 study out of the United Kingdom revealed how an "implementation intention," a sort of goal-setting strategy and memory booster, can lead to more flossing. Explicitly think about when you would be most likely to floss (like when you're brushing your teeth before bed), then use a cue within that event to signal action. For example, "After I brush my teeth at night, when I put down my toothbrush, I will floss." This trick works because you're integrating a new health behaviour into an existing routine, which beats trying to make more radical changes that might not be sustainable over time, explains researcher Benjamin Gardner. By the way, you can apply this strategy to any health change.
5. The bad habit: "I constantly nitpick my appearance."
Having a negative inner voice can impact your self-esteem, confidence and, ultimately, health behaviours. After all, if you'll always have a flabby stomach, why bother doing sit-ups?
The fix: Talk to yourself the way you'd talk to a friend about her looks.
A 2014 study on self-compassion found that, despite the barrage of pressures to be perfect, women who are highly self-compassionate "tend to think about their own imperfections in an accepting and patient way, without beating themselves up about them or dwelling on them," says lead researcher Allison Kelly, an assistant psychology professor at the University of Waterloo. So how can you learn from these self-loving women? "When you're feeling upset about your body, try to get into a compassionate mindset—one that you would take on with a friend—and respond to your own struggles as you would to her," says Kelly. Also try to think of ways you can be more accepting of your body. For instance, instead of struggling to fit into clothes that are too tight, buy a garment that makes you look and feel great.
6. The bad habit: "I continue eating, even after I'm stuffed."
We've all had moments when we've eaten more than we should. If you're an emotional overeater, however, it could be because you're allowing all the other times you've overindulged to trap you into making the same mistake. "Thinking about failures puts people in a negative mood, which makes them want to indulge in order to repair the bad mood," explains Hristina Nikolova, an assistant professor of marketing at Boston College.
The fix: Remind yourself of times when you had stellar self-control.
Nikolova published a study in 2015 that found not only is it easier to have self-control when remembering past successes, but the quicker you recall those successes, the more likely you are to exhibit that same behaviour. "When the recall of successes is easy, people believe they are really good at self-control, and they then act consistently with their good self-control by exhibiting restraint in the present," explains Nikolova. So make a list of two moments you're proud of and keep them on standby for any given moment that demands self-control.
7. The bad habit: "I slouch."
As long as poor posture doesn't give you back pain, what's the problem? Well, psychologists have proven there is a direct link between how tall and proud we stand and how relaxed and in control we are on the inside. It's called embodied cognition, and it indicates how at peace we are.
The fix: Fake it till you feel it.
Amy Cuddy, a social psychologist and associate professor at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., has conducted research indicating that body language influences hormones that boost confidence (testosterone) and reduce stress (cortisol), as well as emotions and behaviours. That means you may feel more in control when you remember to stand up straight and use open body language, like keeping your arms uncrossed. So set an alarm on your phone for periodic posture-check reminders.
The Ultimate Burger Image by: Jeff Coulson Source: Canadian Living Magazine: July 2015
Whether it's classic beef or an alternative (elk, anyone?), burgers are a summer classic. Here are our very best recipes so you're sure to please every guest at your table.
Up your grill game this summer with our juiciest, most crave-worthy burger ever.
Torn between butter chicken and burgers tonight? Why not have both at the same time? Be sure to use thick curry paste (not sauce) to keep the burgers moist but not sloppy. Serve them in kaiser rolls and top with plain Greek yogurt, sliced tomatoes and cucumbers, and lettuce leaves.
Ground turkey is a lean alternative to beef. Keep the burgers moist and flavourful with this simple sweet-and-sour barbecue sauce.
Boost burgers with the intense, delicious flavours of the Middle East. Pomegranate molasses, also called grenadine molasses, is found in Middle Eastern or specialty grocery stores. Its thick texture and sweettart flavour make it an ideal glaze for these burgers.
If you can't find applewood-smoked Cheddar cheese, old Cheddar is just as good. Serve with toppings to dress up the burgers.
Serve these burgers to people who don't like lentils and they'll soon be converted! The beef and lentil combination gives them a tender texture, and the jalapeno supplies a spicy kick.
A refreshing alternative to beef burgers, this salmon version is flavoured with tangy lemon juice and grainy mustard. For an even lighter dish, replace the sour cream with Greek yogurt.
Ground elk is a lean and tasty alternative to ground beef. Chopped bacon adds a bit of fat to make these burgers ultra-tender, while red wine brings out the richness of the elk.
Grinding chicken thighs for this burger, rather than using the already-ground chicken, gives the best flavour and texture. A Caprese salad topping of Bocconcini cheese, tomatoes and basil adds a fresh kick.
These tender, super flavourful burgers use fresh chorizo sausages found in the meat department, not the dry cured chorizo from the deli section. Can't find manchego cheese? Use Pecorino-Romano instead.
These tender, super flavourful burgers use fresh chorizo sausages found in the meat department, not the dry cured chorizo from the deli section. Can't find manchego cheese? Use Pecorino-Romano instead.
The trick to these burgers is the mix of condiments in the burger. Feel free to explore a variety of condiments to make this recipe your own.
Cremini mushroom adds an extra flavour to these burgers, and match perfectly to the arugula added on top.
Serving these super-size falafel in lettuce leaves makes them extra-light (and gluten-free!), but if you don't mind the extra calories, use pitas or hamburger buns. Customize the toppings to your taste—sprouts, thinly sliced red onion and pickled turnip are all great options.
These freestyle cheeseburgers come together in a snap! Rather than forming the beef into patties, we cook it in a pan with sweet and sticky sauces to make a thick filling for crisp kaiser buns, then top them off with creamy Cheddar. To make this meal even quicker, prepare your slaw the night before.
With the cabbage topping and homemade tartar sauce, these tender burgers taste like a fresh, healthy version of a fish-and-chips dinner.
Sliders with melty cheese.
Meaty, dense portobello mushrooms are a delicious substitute for hamburgers – even for meat lovers. Mushrooms are like sponges because they absorb water, which is why cleaning them with a damp paper towel is all that's necessary.
Chopped, dried cranberries are cooked inside these lean turkey burgers. Adding a bit of water to the burger mix helps keep this turkey juicy. There's no need for condiments when you have this crunchy coleslaw topping.
These tiny sliders are packed full of flavour and come together very quickly if you use a food processor. If you don't want to serve them as sliders, they make great shrimp burgers or shrimp meatballs, too!
Cod is a lean fish that is low in fat but high in protein and other important nutrients. Try serving this dish with creamy cabbage salad.
Bacon keeps burgers moist and juicy. A centre of melted cheese adds a surprise.
Breathe new life into this wardrobe staple with a bit of style inspiration.
There's a reason why we love the white button-down. Whether it's oversized, fitted, short sleeve, cropped, silk or cotton, it's always a chic—but unfussy—way to embrace classic style. But, like even the most stylish women, we sometimes get stuck in a fashion rut. Which is why we pulled together some great white button-down shirt looks from some seriously stylish women. Discover new and fresh ways to wear a white button-down below.
There's nothing chicer than a casual white button-down shirt under a blazer. Keep the look modern with boyfriend jeans and patent brogues—extra points for embracing metallic.
You can make this borrowed-from-the-boys piece feminine in an old school way by pairing it with a pleated midi skirt and sharp kitten heels.
If you're worried about a white on white look, just remember to play with texture. The silk shirt paired with crisp denim and leather shoes makes this look a winner.
Embrace the menswear vibe of this piece by pairing it with a classic black blazer and trousers—though we might recommend ditching the tie to avoid any waiter confusion.
Keep this piece cozy by topping it with an oversized knit. We especially love the addition of a statement piece of jewellery.
Pair your button-down with tailored separated for the office. A pencil skirt (in a fun print or colour) plus chic heels is a no-brainer when it comes to professional dressing.
This look is for the bold. Pair statement pants and shoes with a white button-down and a classic blazer. Think of this as business on top and party on the bottom.
Put a little prep in your step with trousers, loafers and fun socks. For the extra preppy, add a fisherman knit and drape it over your shoulders. Very refined gentleman, no?
If a slim-fitting button-down if your choice, play with proportion and pair with wide-leg pants.
One of our favourite things about the button-down is that it can be so easily layered. Under your favourite sweater and jacket, and with jeans it's a casual piece that still looks pulled together.
For a touch of French je ne sais quoi, pair your white shirt with black skinny jeans, tousled hair and lace up shoes.
If your jeans and white button-down combo could use a little edge, might we suggest a trendy faux fur topper?
The button-down doesn't need to be the base of your outfit. Instead, layer it over a turtleneck and tuck it into a fun skirt.
A white button-down can make even your most summery pieces (this printed mini skirt just screams vacation) look polished. Ice cream not included.
The best white button-down shirts to shop now:
Wide cotton shirt, $30, hm.com.
Shirt with ¾ sleeves, $36, zara.com.
White scalloped sleeve shirt, $85, bananarepublic.ca.
Relaxed silk collarless shirt, $88, everlance.com.
New Blythe top in silk, $128, jcrew.com.
Asos Curve oversized shirt with stripe, $68, asos.com.
Babaton Kearney blouse, $110, aritzia.com.
Eyelet white shirt, $65, gapcanada.ca.
Shimmer button down, $129, freepeople.com.
Cooperative short-sleeve shirt, $59, urbanoutfitters.com.
Premium quality silk blend blouse, $99, hm.com.