We polled family doctors from across the country, and they laid down the law on eight things they wish we'd do—or stop doing.
According to our panel of general practitioners, Canadians aren't always doing what they should to make the most of doctor visits—and skipping out on these crucial tactics could lead to a delay in diagnosing serious conditions. Here's what our experts say you should add to your patient checklist.
1. Stop feeling shy
Many of us hesitate to talk to our physicians about sensitive issues (think substance abuse or sexual health—or even gender identity). But honesty and openness are important, both for fostering a good doctor-patient relationship and for ensuring that you get the best care, says Dr. Laura Pripstein, medical director of the Sherbourne Health Centre in Toronto and a staff physician on the family health team. That's why it's OK to try out a doc before committing. Dr. Pripstein recommends booking an initial visit to see if your potential doctor is a good fit. "You want to see if this person seems like someone you can talk to, someone you feel comfortable with," she says. And if you don't think your doctor understands or respects your concerns, don't be afraid to find someone new. "If you feel you can't ask questions that might be embarrassing, you don't have the right provider," says Dr. Pripstein.
2. Don't come to your appointments unprepared
Get the most out of your time—and your doc's—by arriving at your appointment with a clear plan for what you want to discuss, says Dr. David Ross, an associate professor of family medicine at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. "It's good to have patients think about their problems from when the issue began, then look at it chronologically to the present," says Dr. Ross. Making a prioritized point-form list in advance helps ensure that you don't forget anything or mix up the order of events, he says. Then, work with your doctor to address the most serious issues first.
3. Choose your family doc over the walk-in clinic whenever you can
Yes, a clinic is convenient, but what we gain in easy access, we lose in familiarity. "I think it's really valuable if people can connect with a family physician who they'll be able to see long term, rather than just looking for the quickest way to access care," says Dr. Maurianne Reade, a physician with the Manitoulin Central Family Health Team in Mindemoya and M'Chigeeng First Nation, Ont. A family doctor will know your medical history and will keep it in mind when suggesting treatment—so, for example, if you've recently taken several courses of antibiotics for a UTI, your physician will likely look for a different course of action if you come in with another infection. According to the most recent statistics, about 4.5 million Canadians don't have a regular family doctor. If that's you, contact your provincial College of Physicians and Surgeons, or check to see if your region has an online registry (Ontario has Health Care Connect, while Quebec launched a web-based family doctor finder last year). "It's important to know that we doctors are privileged to share in your stories and to help you through difficult times," says Dr. Reade.
4. Share what's happening in your life
There's a reason your doctor wants to know where you're working, if you're dating and how the kids are—and it's not just because she likes you. (Though she does, we're sure.) Physicians need a picture of their patients' lives beyond their specific health symptoms and conditions, especially when they're first getting to know you, says Dr. Stephen Wetmore, the family medicine chair at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University in London, Ont. "Doctors need to know these things to understand how your lifestyle and habits may be influencing your health," he says. So when you're talking about your exercise habits, your health history and whether you smoke, drink or use drugs, mention your employment status, family obligations and intimate relationships, too, says Dr. Wetmore.
5. Be a better googler
Doctors know you do it (hello, late-night web searches), but they would prefer you to ask about good sources of information, rather than going rogue online. They also want you to be honest about your fears if you've read something particularly upsetting. Physicians can't address your concerns or point you in the right direction if they don't know what your fingertips have been up to. "The thing we want our patients to do is ask us for the most reliable Canadian websites to go to as resources," says Dr. Heather Waters, an assistant professor of family medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton.
6. Don't think your symptoms are "no big deal"
If you've noticed you are having more headaches than usual or are sleeping more or are eating less, you might not think to tell your doctor—but you should. There's no set of rules for determining which symptoms are worthy of investigation or discussion, says Dr. Wetmore, but make a note to mention anything that is new or has changed since your last appointment. "You should bring up things like sudden weight loss or fatigue that seems excessive," he says. "It could be a sign of a larger problem, or the cause of a developing problem." Evenif it doesn't end up being serious, seeing your doctor will help ease any anxiety you might be feeling, and that's worth the visit, too.
7. Talk about what you're taking
Tell your physician about any herbal medications and alternative treatments you take, says Dr. Mel Borins, a University of Toronto associate professor and author of A Doctor's Guide to Alternative Medicine: What Works, What Doesn't, and Why. It's important for patients to share what's working for them and for doctors to be open-minded about therapies outside their own practice or traditions, he says. This is also a concern when it comes to conventional meds, especially if you're pregnant; there are only 23 medications specifically approved for use during pregnancy— yes, out of every available drug—which can leave women feeling anxious about taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs when they're expecting, says Dr. Robyn MacQuarrie, an obstetrician-gynecologist in Bridgewater, N.S. But don't stop taking your meds as soon as your pregnancy test comes back positive. "It's really important to talk to your doctor instead of stopping cold turkey," says Dr. MacQuarrie. Physicians can help you determine the risks and benefits of using different drugs, and they can let you know when the effects of not taking a medication while pregnant may be worse than taking it— which is the case with some antidepressants.
8. Avoid diagnosing yourself
You know doctors don't like it when you come in prepared with a diagnosis you've made thanks to the aforementioned Dr. Google. But do you know why? It's not because they think you're encroaching on their territory! Rather, they worry that a serious medical problem might get missed or you'll cause yourself unnecessary anxiety over something not serious. That's because not everyone has the most common symptoms of a particular condition. Plus, men, women and different ethnicities can have varying symptoms for the same problem. For instance, Dr. Reade's community has a large proportion of people with diabetes, which can affect the warning signs of cardiac disease, a major killer in Canada. Instead of the usual pain or pressure on the left side of the chest or arm, men and women with diabetes may instead have spells of profuse sweating with weakness. And, of course, women who don't have diabetes can have differing symptoms, too; sometimes, a heart attack can feel like acid reflux or come with sudden nausea, vomiting and lightheadedness. So always tell your physician if your symptoms are surprising or strange—like a headache that feels different than usual, for example. And if you're worried about a specific diagnosis, be sure to bring that up, too.
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The Sundew Hat is one of our all-time favourite easy knitting patterns for winter—a super easy pom-pom beanie that is sure to be worn again and again.
Quick to knit and extra-cozy, the Sundew Hat is the perfect cold-weather accessory. Whether you are looking to knit a thoughtful last-minute gift or your own quintessential hat, the Sundew Hat is a crowd-pleasing favourite with its classic design and soft texture. It looks great when worn slouchy, and just as cool with the brim rolled. We designed the hat in our luxurious Alpaca Wool yarn, which perfectly balances the softness of alpaca with the structure of wool. The yarn is a pleasure to knit with and the pattern is easy to follow – you will be so pleased with your results, you’ll want to make a Sundew Hat in every colour.
The Sundew Hat is a good beginner project as the thick stitches are easy to see and you will be able to wear your finished hat in no time. Because the stitches are chunky, it is easiest to follow the instructions and begin knitting the project with round needles and then switch to double pointed needles when required to complete the crown shaping. The hat is finished with an oversized pom pom. This special touch is easy to make – you can purchase a pom pom maker or create a pom pom the old-fashioned way using cardboard cutouts. Before attempting to make a pom pom, we find it helpful to watch online tutorials, which ensure that you achieve the right look on the first try. You also have the option of buying a pre-made pompom, or leaving the hat without any embellishments at all. Either way, you’ll have a beautiful hat that you’re sure to love!
- 2 Skeins of Americo Alpaca Wool (30% Superfine Alpaca / 70% Wool) 100g / 87 yards (80 m)
- 6.5 mm (US10.5) 16-inch (40 cm) circular needles and set of 6.5mm (US10.5) DPNs
- 1 stitch marker
- Yarn needle
Note about the yarn: Alpaca Wool is available through Americo Original online and in select yarn stores. You can substitute for other bulky/heavy worsted weight yarns like Americo’s Highland Simple Twist, Copito Medio, or any bulky/heavy worsted weight in your stash.
Finished size is 20-inch (50.8 cm) circumference by 11.5 inches (29 cm) long. Yarn has considerable stretch; one size will fit most head circumferences
13 stitches = 4 inches (10 cm) in stocking stitch using 6.5 mm (US 10.5) size needles or size needed to achieve gauge.
K, k: knit
P, p: purl
DPN(s): double pointed needle(s) - a needle with points at both ends; used in sets of 5
M or PM; //M//: stitch marker or place marker; denotes stitch marker dividing sections
Ribbed/rib/ribbing: a pattern stitch – has vertical columns of knit and purl stitches, side by side, with elastic properties. Examples: (K1, P1) aka 1 x 1 ribbing, (K2, P2) aka 2 x 2 ribbing etc.
St-st/stockinette /stocking stitch: a pattern stitch – in circular knitting – knit every round
k2t (slant to R): Knit 2 together (a decrease) - insert the needle into the front of the 2 knit stitches from left to right. Draw the yarn through to the front both stitches from the needle
Using 6.5 mm (US 10.5) 16” (40cm) size needles, and Alpaca Wool yarn, cast on 64 stitches, //PM//, and being careful not to twist your stitches, join in the round.
Round 1: (K1, p1), repeat to the end of the round.
Repeat this round for 4.5 inches (11.5 cm)
Change to stocking stitch (knit every round) until stocking stitch measures 4.5 inches (11.5 cm), and you have a total of 9 inches (22.8 cm) from the beginning of your work.
Note: When the stitches no longer fit comfortably around the circular needle, change to double pointed needles.
Round 1: (k6, k2t), to end of round. (56 stitches)
Round 2 and all even rounds: knit to end of round.
Round 3: (k5, k2t), to end of round. (48 stitches)
Round 5: (k4, k2t), to end of round. (40 stitches)
Round 7: (k3, k2t), to end of round. (32 stitches)
Round 9: (k2, k2t), to end of round. (24 stitches)
Round 11: (k1, k2t) to end of round (16 stitches)
Break yarn leaving an 8-inch tail. With yarn needle, thread through remaining stitches, tighten to close the top of the hat and secure inside the hat.
A pom pom maker can be easily made using cardboard and scissors. Instructions are readily available online. A commercial pom-pom maker can be purchased.
Weave in all loose ends.
Americo Original is a Canadian yarn company and online knitting shop with its own line of quality yarns, knitwear patterns and accessories. Americo’s yarns are made exclusively in the Andean highlands of South America, using only natural fibres, including luxurious wool, llama, alpaca, cotton, linen, silk and cashmere. Americo and its in-house design lab are based in Toronto, offering international shipping from its online store: americo.ca/shop.