Image courtesy of the Baeumler family Image by: Image courtesy of the Baeumler family
Photography by Jeff Coulson Image by: Photography by Jeff Coulson
From breakfast to pre-workout snacks, we reveal what Canadian Olympic athletes eat
You've likely heard about the insanely high-calorie diets of Olympians. American swimmer Michael Phelps consumed 12,000 calories a day during his Olympic training, while Jamaican runner Usain Bolt chowed down on his favourite food—Chicken McNuggets—before every race at the Beijing Olympics.
But the Games aren't a food free-for-all—they're actually about dietary discipline. Bobsledder Kaillie Humphries can attest to this. "The first couple months of training, I eat no carbs and no sugar," she says. Instead, she focuses on high-fat foods such as meat and full-fat dairy, which help her stay lean while still providing energy.
Breakfast is important to all athletes. Skeleton racer Jon Montgomery starts his day with something he calls "bulletproof coffee"—a cup of joe combined with a medium-chain triglyceride like coconut oil, butter or heavy cream, which his body can readily use as fuel. Montgomery also has a smoothie made of kale, beets, carrots, spinach, low-sugar fruits such as blueberries and blackberries, an amino acid protein powder and a whey protein isolate.
Hockey player Sidney Crosby is all about a healthful breakfast, too. "He cooks things like egg-white omelettes, turkey bacon, steel-cut oats and some greens, like spinach or asparagus," says Crosby's trainer, Andy O'Brien.
Snowboarder Maëlle Ricker makes sure to have healthful snacks throughout the day. "Wherever I am in the world, I try to make sure I get my hands on a banana. It's such a quick, easy thing to eat while I'm out on the slopes," she says. Other healthful snacks she loves include yogurt, dried fruit and nuts.
Para-alpine skier Kimberly Joines says that the timing of her meals is really important. "The bulk of my protein and carbs are consumed within close proximity to my hardest training hours, and I generally taper my calories toward evening, with a focus on a variety of nutrient-rich vegetables," she says.
Sledge hockey player Greg Westlake has a similar approach. "I have to eat a good meal within 30 minutes of a workout," he says. He eats a slow-burning carb like quinoa or whole wheat pasta with a bit of protein an hour and a half before a workout. Westlake is also big on staying hydrated. "The first thing I do when I wake up is drink two big glasses of water, and I continue to drink water throughout the day. Water is like liquid gold."
None of this is to say that athletes are averse to treats. O'Brien says Crosby has a serious sweet tooth. While he acknowledges that athletes need a little more sugar to replace glycogen stores, he says Crosby has to really make an effort not to eat too much candy.
Figure skater Tessa Virtue says she has to allow herself treats, especially post-competition: "You're a person, too, not just an athlete."
— With files from Jill Buchner and Day Helesic
Check out how you can workout like an Olympian.
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With winter's worst (hopefully) behind us, tax season is here, and there are many changes that families will want to be aware of.
Tax time is never fun, but it's even worse when you miss out on credits or deductions you may have qualified for. Complicating matters this year are several taxation changes due to a Liberal overhaul of several Harper-era measures.
"I've seen more changes this year than in the past three years," says Lisa Gittens, a tax expert at H&R Block.
Here are eight things families will want to be aware of when filling out their 2016 return.
1. Last chance on certain tax credits
The government is phasing out a handful of tax credits and focusing on larger benefits. The children's arts and fitness tax credits will be halved for the 2016 tax year, and cut completely next year, meaning families will no longer be able to defray costs for things like swimming lessons, ballet and tutoring. For post-secondary students, the education and textbook credits are being eliminated in 2017, although education amounts carried forward from previous years will still be claimable.
2. No more income splitting
Also gone is the Family Tax Cut, which lets the higher-earning spouse transfer up to $50,000 of income to the lower-earner. During the 2015 election, the Liberals promised to cut it, calling it a "tax break for the wealthy."
With the benefit gone, Gittens recommends a spousal RRSP, which allows the higher-earner to contribute to the lower-earning spouse's RRSP and claim the tax benefit. "You may have an RRSP set up, but you haven't thought about setting it up for your spouse. This is an ideal time to use that strategy," she says.
3. Changes to child benefits
The Canada Child Benefit was a signature feature of the 2016 budget, replacing the old Universal Child Care Benefit and the Canada Child Tax Benefit. It's non-taxable, so you don't have to claim it. However, in order to continue to receive the benefit, both parents must file a return, even if one doesn't generate any income, says Gittens.
Also keep in mind that the benefit started in July, so you still have to claim the taxable UCC for the first six months of the year.
4. New tax rates
New tax rates mean you may or may not be pleasantly surprised by the size of your tax bill this year. If you're in the meaty middle that earns between $45,000 and $90,000, your rate will come down to 20.5 percent from 22 percent.
"Most Canadians will be receiving more money at the end of the day than they were under the old system," says Jamie Golombek, managing director of tax and estate planning at CIBC Wealth Strategies Group.
However, high-income earners will be paying more due to a new 33 percent bracket for people earnings more than $200,000.
5. Child care expenses
Childcare costs are usually the biggest deduction available for families, says Golombek. But what many people don't realize is that it goes beyond simply daycare. If you have a nanny, you can claim that expense, but also babysitting, if it's during the day, and summer or day camp.
6. Disability tax credit and family caregiver amount
If you have family members with a disability there are certain credits that may be available to you. The Disability Tax Credit is available to people with disabilities to reduce their taxes. For children under age 18, a parent or caregiver may be able to claim the unused amount.
If you're a caregiver to a family member with physical or mental impairments, you may also be able to claim an additional $2,121, according to the Canada Revenue Agency.
7. Selling your principal residence
Selling your home has typically not been something you've had to report on your taxes, because usually Canadians don't get taxed for capital gains on their principle residence. But starting with the 2016 tax year, individuals who sold their principal residence during the year must report the sale. The government is ostensibly doing this to crack down on people who try to pass off income-generating homes as their principal residence.
8. eFile early, get your refund early
Tax deadline is April 30, but if you want to get ahead of the game, file early, before the government is inundated with last-minute returns. You can still file the old paper return, but Gittens says you'll be looking at a turnaround time of anywhere up to eight weeks, versus 10-14 days for a return filed early and electronically.