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We polled family doctors from across the country, and they laid down the law on eight things they wish we'd do—or stop doing.
According to our panel of general practitioners, Canadians aren't always doing what they should to make the most of doctor visits—and skipping out on these crucial tactics could lead to a delay in diagnosing serious conditions. Here's what our experts say you should add to your patient checklist.
1. Stop feeling shy
Many of us hesitate to talk to our physicians about sensitive issues (think substance abuse or sexual health—or even gender identity). But honesty and openness are important, both for fostering a good doctor-patient relationship and for ensuring that you get the best care, says Dr. Laura Pripstein, medical director of the Sherbourne Health Centre in Toronto and a staff physician on the family health team. That's why it's OK to try out a doc before committing. Dr. Pripstein recommends booking an initial visit to see if your potential doctor is a good fit. "You want to see if this person seems like someone you can talk to, someone you feel comfortable with," she says. And if you don't think your doctor understands or respects your concerns, don't be afraid to find someone new. "If you feel you can't ask questions that might be embarrassing, you don't have the right provider," says Dr. Pripstein.
2. Don't come to your appointments unprepared
Get the most out of your time—and your doc's—by arriving at your appointment with a clear plan for what you want to discuss, says Dr. David Ross, an associate professor of family medicine at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. "It's good to have patients think about their problems from when the issue began, then look at it chronologically to the present," says Dr. Ross. Making a prioritized point-form list in advance helps ensure that you don't forget anything or mix up the order of events, he says. Then, work with your doctor to address the most serious issues first.
3. Choose your family doc over the walk-in clinic whenever you can
Yes, a clinic is convenient, but what we gain in easy access, we lose in familiarity. "I think it's really valuable if people can connect with a family physician who they'll be able to see long term, rather than just looking for the quickest way to access care," says Dr. Maurianne Reade, a physician with the Manitoulin Central Family Health Team in Mindemoya and M'Chigeeng First Nation, Ont. A family doctor will know your medical history and will keep it in mind when suggesting treatment—so, for example, if you've recently taken several courses of antibiotics for a UTI, your physician will likely look for a different course of action if you come in with another infection. According to the most recent statistics, about 4.5 million Canadians don't have a regular family doctor. If that's you, contact your provincial College of Physicians and Surgeons, or check to see if your region has an online registry (Ontario has Health Care Connect, while Quebec launched a web-based family doctor finder last year). "It's important to know that we doctors are privileged to share in your stories and to help you through difficult times," says Dr. Reade.
4. Share what's happening in your life
There's a reason your doctor wants to know where you're working, if you're dating and how the kids are—and it's not just because she likes you. (Though she does, we're sure.) Physicians need a picture of their patients' lives beyond their specific health symptoms and conditions, especially when they're first getting to know you, says Dr. Stephen Wetmore, the family medicine chair at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University in London, Ont. "Doctors need to know these things to understand how your lifestyle and habits may be influencing your health," he says. So when you're talking about your exercise habits, your health history and whether you smoke, drink or use drugs, mention your employment status, family obligations and intimate relationships, too, says Dr. Wetmore.
5. Be a better googler
Doctors know you do it (hello, late-night web searches), but they would prefer you to ask about good sources of information, rather than going rogue online. They also want you to be honest about your fears if you've read something particularly upsetting. Physicians can't address your concerns or point you in the right direction if they don't know what your fingertips have been up to. "The thing we want our patients to do is ask us for the most reliable Canadian websites to go to as resources," says Dr. Heather Waters, an assistant professor of family medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton.
6. Don't think your symptoms are "no big deal"
If you've noticed you are having more headaches than usual or are sleeping more or are eating less, you might not think to tell your doctor—but you should. There's no set of rules for determining which symptoms are worthy of investigation or discussion, says Dr. Wetmore, but make a note to mention anything that is new or has changed since your last appointment. "You should bring up things like sudden weight loss or fatigue that seems excessive," he says. "It could be a sign of a larger problem, or the cause of a developing problem." Evenif it doesn't end up being serious, seeing your doctor will help ease any anxiety you might be feeling, and that's worth the visit, too.
7. Talk about what you're taking
Tell your physician about any herbal medications and alternative treatments you take, says Dr. Mel Borins, a University of Toronto associate professor and author of A Doctor's Guide to Alternative Medicine: What Works, What Doesn't, and Why. It's important for patients to share what's working for them and for doctors to be open-minded about therapies outside their own practice or traditions, he says. This is also a concern when it comes to conventional meds, especially if you're pregnant; there are only 23 medications specifically approved for use during pregnancy— yes, out of every available drug—which can leave women feeling anxious about taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs when they're expecting, says Dr. Robyn MacQuarrie, an obstetrician-gynecologist in Bridgewater, N.S. But don't stop taking your meds as soon as your pregnancy test comes back positive. "It's really important to talk to your doctor instead of stopping cold turkey," says Dr. MacQuarrie. Physicians can help you determine the risks and benefits of using different drugs, and they can let you know when the effects of not taking a medication while pregnant may be worse than taking it— which is the case with some antidepressants.
8. Avoid diagnosing yourself
You know doctors don't like it when you come in prepared with a diagnosis you've made thanks to the aforementioned Dr. Google. But do you know why? It's not because they think you're encroaching on their territory! Rather, they worry that a serious medical problem might get missed or you'll cause yourself unnecessary anxiety over something not serious. That's because not everyone has the most common symptoms of a particular condition. Plus, men, women and different ethnicities can have varying symptoms for the same problem. For instance, Dr. Reade's community has a large proportion of people with diabetes, which can affect the warning signs of cardiac disease, a major killer in Canada. Instead of the usual pain or pressure on the left side of the chest or arm, men and women with diabetes may instead have spells of profuse sweating with weakness. And, of course, women who don't have diabetes can have differing symptoms, too; sometimes, a heart attack can feel like acid reflux or come with sudden nausea, vomiting and lightheadedness. So always tell your physician if your symptoms are surprising or strange—like a headache that feels different than usual, for example. And if you're worried about a specific diagnosis, be sure to bring that up, too.
Score big this Sunday with these awesome Super Bowl snacks that are perfect for enjoying with friends and family this game day.
Regardless of which team you're rooting for this weekend (or even if you're not a sports fan at all), it's easy to get behind these great Game Day recipes. From sweet to savoury, we have you covered for all different palettes, and the homemade touch is sure to wow your friends and family. With an event like this, finger food is key so that guests can focus on the action rather than their cutlery. Even better, many of the recipes below can be prepared in advance to ensure that you're celebrating the touchdowns rather than fussing in the kitchen.
Looking for even more Game Day inspiration? Click here for our best tips and tricks for hosting your very own Super Bowl party. With snacks this good, everyone wins!
Instead of giving jalapeños the classic breading-and-deep-frying treatment, baking them, then filling with a lightened-up cheese blend creates an utterly delicious party nibble you'd never suspect is calorie-reduced. Topped with crispy, golden panko bread crumbs, they're full of satisfying spicy flavour.
Grating the squash takes a bit of effort but allows it to cook faster, saving you time in the end; you can speed up prep by using the grater attachment on your food processor. The dip is piping hot when it comes out of the oven, so let it cool slightly before serving. Use the cooling time to slice some fresh baguette and crudités for dipping.
This flavourful slaw is a nice alternative to the more classic green cabbage version. Add the radishes just before serving so they keep their colour and stay crisp.
This easy recipe packs all the flavours of layered nachos into one addictive dip. To keep it warm all evening, hold the dip in a fondue pot set over a flame. For an extra kick, stir in hot sauce.
A handful of fresh herbs and a sprinkling of Parmesan cheese give popcorn a tasty makeover.
Move over, plain old french fries! Here, we've used an array of root vegetables to make the most of our grocery store bounty, but feel free to pick and choose which veggies you want to include. Separate the roots for a colour-blocked effect; or, if you want to mix them, toss them together—just wait until they're cooked, otherwise the beets will stain the other veggies.
You may have seen chocolate-dipped bacon at your local food fair or bacon in chocolate-bar form at your local specialty store, but we promise you that this version surpasses anything else. Dipping the candied bacon only halfway allows guests to grab a piece without getting their hands covered in chocolate.
Bubbly cheese dip with chunks of crab meat is a retro throwback that's bound to be a hit. While not overwhelmingly spicy, this dip has kick; for less heat, seed the chilies or substitute with diced sweet red pepper.
A double dose of chocolate—creamy milk and decadent dark—makes these moist brownies unbelievably gooey and indulgent.
These savoury cheese-filled pastries come together in minutes and can be personalized to suit your tastes. Try cooked bacon and Cheddar, sun-dried tomatoes and mozzarella, or sliced pitted olives and Havarti.
Potato skins, which just happen to be loaded with fibre and nutrients, make for crispy, addictive finger food. Add the leftover potato flesh to pot pies, mashed potatoes or crab cakes. Serve the skins with salsa on the side.
These wings can get sticky as they bake, so line your baking sheet with greased nonstick foil or parchment paper for easy turning.
Bacon gives sweet and savoury flavour to this unexpected spin on nut brittle that's inspired by candied bacon. For an even more indulgent treat, we've also swapped out standard peanuts for salty pistachios and buttery pecans.
Sliders are like any tiny version of a favourite food—they just taste better! And having the pork standing by in the fridge or freezer makes these yummy little mouthfuls come together in no time. Serve with sweet potato fries for a diner-style meal.
Photo courtesy of Davina Choy Image by: Photo courtesy of Davina Choy