A new study from the CDC has found that cat-scratch disease, a potentially serious bacterial infection, is more common that previously thought.
Did you know? That cuddle session with Cleo could be making you sick. A new study by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) found that when left untreated, more people are suffering serious complications from cat-scratch disease. Here's what you need to know.
What is cat scratch disease (CSD)?
Cat-scratch disease (or fever) is a bacterial infection that can affect humans following a scratch or bite from an infected domestic or feral cat. It can also spread when an infected cat licks a person’s open wound. The bacterial infection is passed between cats by fleas and can spread to humans, making them ill.
How can you get cat-scratch disease?
Humans risk contracting the disease when they’re bitten, scratched—and even from nuzzling a cat. According to the CDC, most cat scratches do not result in cat-scratch disease, but though the disease is rare, the study found that the number of people who are infected and become seriously ill is on the rise.
What are the symptoms? Can there be more serious complications?
According to the CDC, the symptoms of cat-scratch fever include fever; enlarged, tender lymph nodes that develop one to three weeks after the initial scratch; and the infected area may appear swollen and red with round, raised lesion that can have pus. You may also have a headache, poor appetite and exhaustion.
How do you avoid CSD? How is it treated?
The CDC recommends washing your hands after playing with a cat—even if you haven’t been bitten. If you do get scratched, immediately clean the area with soap and water and watch for any symptoms. If these do develop, see your doctor immediately. In serious cases, treatment with antibiotics may be prescribed.
Since hitting the spotlight, Sophie Grégoire Trudeau—along with her stylist Jessica Mulroney—has championed Canadian designers and brands. Take a look at her vibrant fashion choices.
For her second outfit during the Royal Canada Tour, Sophie wore a flattering dress by Tanya Taylor.
To greet Will and Kate on their Royal Canada tour, Sophie wore a dress by Éditions de Robes and a hat by The Saucy Milliner.
Sophie wore a Tracy Moore designed by Freda dress to greet the Chinese premiere.
Trudeau paired a Pink Tartan blazer with an UNTITTD gold dress and a statement necklace from Katherine Karambelas Jewelry.
While walking the blue carpet for the Global Citizen fesitval, Sophie wore this classic leather jacket from Canadian brand Mackage.
After walking the blue carpet, Trudeau ditched her Mackage jacket to reveal this black dress from Madame Moje.
Trudeau wore the same red jumpsuit by Lucian Matis that she donned for Canada Day. We love that she shops her own closet!
Sophie wore a dress by Jason Wu from The Room at Hudson's Bay on her husband's trip to China.
Trudeau wore a turquoise jumpsuit by designer Aleks Susak to celebrate Pride in Vancouver. Bracelets from Anzie, sunnies from Claudia Alan and Susie Wall and wedges from Browns complete the look.
Trudeau looked absolutely perfect on her first Canada Day as the nation's first lady, sporting a white hat and red one-piece by Canadian designer Lucian Matis.
Sophie wore American colours and Canadian designer Muriel Dombret to meet with President Obama in June, 2016.
Accessorizing with dangling earrings and pulled back hair, Sophie looked like a prize in a gold ballgown at the Ottawa State Dinner.
At the Press Gallery Dinner Trudeau wore this UNTTLD white dress—looking classy while having some fun.
Trudeau is wearing a custom Aleks Susak two-piece during a private ceremony in Ottawa in early June, 2016.
Sophie wore Lucian Matis to round out her Japan wardrobe.
Posing with other spouses of the G7 leaders, Sophie looks comfortable and elegant in a jumpsuit created by Toronto-born Tanya Taylor.
On May 26, 2016, the first lady of Canada sported a custom design by Canadian designer Wayne Clark during a cocktail event at the G7 summit in Japan.
Sophie Gregoire Trudeau wore a pale pink dress by Jay Godfrey to meet Empress Michiko of Japan during a trip to the Imperial Palace on May 24, 2016.
On May 24, 2016, Gregoire Trudeau wore a floral dress by Erdem to visit the Meiji Shrine in Tokyo.
For her arrival at the airport in Tokyo, Gregoire Trudeau wore a suit by Montreal designer Marie Saint Pierre.
Gregoire Trudeau in a lovely Greta Constantine dress accessorized with a simple string of pearls.
Sophie was dressed head-to-toe in Canadian designs for the 2016 Canadian Arts and Fashion Awards. She wore a tailored jumpsuit by Mikael D. with a deep V in front and a beautiful flowing cape with embellished shoulders.
We're used to seeing Sophie in feminine, colourful pieces, but this woman can rock a suit as well. She wore Canadian favourite Pink Tartan at the Catalyst Awards Dinner in March 2016, where her husband was honoured.
For the state dinner in March 2016, Trudeau chose a fuschia gown by Lucian Matis, and accessorized with a handbag by Ela, Zvelle shoes, John de Jong earrings and a Dean Davidson ring. The gown was classic in its design, but a vibrant and youthful choice for Trudeau, who isn't afraid of colour. Michelle Obama also chose Canadian (wearing custom Jason Wu) to the state dinner.
Wearing a red and pink dress from Lucian Matis, Trudeau accessorized with heels by Zvelle and a red clutch from Aldo.
Trudeau wore a custom DUY suit for her arrival with her family in Washington.
Sophie Gregoire Trudeau wore this dazzling Greta Constantine dress for the International Women's Empowerment Leadership Conference in Toronto in early 2016.
For the Remembrance Day ceremony in Ottawa in 2015, Sophie Grégoire Trudeau chose a grey coat by the Toronto-based company Sentaler, and a cloche (hat) by Chapeaux de Madeleine in Ottawa.
Sporting a two-tone, floral dress by Erdem for Justin Trudeau's swearing in as Prime Minister, Sophie Trudeau looked regal. Her only accessory? A simple poppy for Remembrance Day.
Trudeau wore something a little more traditional as she arrived for the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting in November of 2015, wearing a pale pink lace dress with a matching fascinator.
Sophie Grégoire Trudeau helped design her own wedding dress, with a little help from Les Noces Couture in Montreal.
Getty Images Credits: Getty Images
Between 3 and 8% of women have PMDD, a severe form of PMS with depression-like symptoms.
"For the three days leading up to my period, I was suicidal, anxious and irritable. I'd have fits of rage; I felt unglued. Then, I'd get my period and I'd be fine," says Jennifer, who asked us not to use her last name. Her psychotherapist suggested PMDD two years ago as a possible cause for her mood swings.
PMDD is like PMS's bigger, badder sister. It's another way of saying very severe PMS, says Dr. Samantha Saffy, a psychiatrist in Vancouver. In order to get a PMDD diagnosis, you need to experience the disorder's depression-like symptoms—mood swings, irritability, anger, feelings of hopelessness, anxiety, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, insomnia and a decreased interest in usual activities—more months than not. They should occur in the week leading up to menses, then improve after your period starts.
It can be difficult to get a diagnosis. Jennifer had been to three physicians with no luck. But just knowing PMDD exists might be helpful. "Often, being aware of your condition through education can help ease symptoms," says Dr. Tanya Tulipan, a psychiatrist specializing in reproductive mental health in Halifax. "If you know that certain days of the month will be more challenging for you, you can plan around them to minimize stress. Healthy habits such as getting adequate sleep, exercising regularly and eating healthily are known to ease symptoms, too." Cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness can also help, but "if none of these strategies works, your family doctor can suggest an antidepressant that you can take continuously or even just for the week that you have your symptoms," says Dr. Tulipan.