Do you speak the language of flowers? Find out the different meanings of various flowers, plus get five tips on making your bouquet last.
In the Victorian era, particular flowers in certain colours were chosen to express specific feelings. Using this language of flowers – called "floriography" – a bud, bouquet or even a boutonniere delivered more than colour and scent. Here's what some familiar flowers may convey:
Apple blossom - Good things to come
Aster - Contentment
Buttercup - Childishness
Pink carnation - Gratitude
Yellow carnation - Rejection
Crocus - Gladness
Daffodil - Chivalry and respect
Daisy - Innocence and purity
Daylily - Enthusiasm
Dill - Lust
Edelweiss - Daring and courage
Forsythia - Anticipation
Gardenia - Secret love and joy
Blue hyacinth - Constancy
Ivy - Wedded love and fidelity
Lavender - Loyalty
White lily - Heavenly purity
Lily of the valley - Humility
Mint - Virtue
Orange blossom - Marriage and fertility
Palm leaves - Victory
Dark crimson rose - Mourning
Pink rose - Friendship
Red Rose - Passionate love
Snowdrop - Hope
Sunflower - Adoration
Red tulip - Declaration of love
Violet - Faithfulness
So that beautiful bouquet of dark crimson roses and white lilies surrounded by palm leaves that you just sent to your friend or love one could be telling her, "Many are mourning my victory and success within our relationship, as it's heavenly to be with you!" But – since floriography word lists vary – it could simply be saying, "Hi!"
5 best ways to make your bouquet last
1. Buy fresh flowers. Avoid flowers with any signs of mildew or mould, and look for buds that are just beginning to open. A&P, Dominion and Loblaws help out by guaranteeing their blooms will last for a specified number of days.
2. Keep it clean and lukewarm. Start with a squeaky-clean container and lukewarm water (tepid water is more readily absorbed than cold), then change the water every other day.
3. Add a floral preservative. Most bouquets come with their own packet of goodies that provide nutrients and prevent bacterial growth – all to keep the flowers fresher longer.
4. Strip and recut the stems. Remove any leaves that will be immersed, then recut the stems to encourage water uptake. Trim soft stems straight across. Cut woody stems on an angle, then smash or slit the bottom 2.5 cm (1 in). Pinch small wads of cotton from a cotton ball and stuff them into the bottom of hollow stems to help them hold moisture.
5. Show them off in a good spot. Set your floral arrangement away from drafts, direct sunlight, radiators and ripening fruits (the latter emit ethylene, which prevents buds from opening, discolours blooms and leaves, and shortens vase life).
Arrange flowers with a flourish
Honey-Caramel Apple Bundt Cake
Photography by Jeff Coulson/TC Media Image by: Honey-Caramel Apple Bundt Cake<br>Photography by Jeff Coulson/TC Media
Photo courtesy of Davina Choy Image by: Photo courtesy of Davina Choy
The best tips to strengthen your hair Image by: Trunk Archive
Your hair needs help from your diet, the products you use and even your style choices to stay healthy.
Beauty comes from within—literally. Strengthen your hair by working inside out and ingesting good-for-you ingredients. When it comes to the outside, hair health relies on the right products—and putting down the heat tools.
CALL IN THE REINFORCEMENTS
According to research from hair-growth-supplement brand Viviscal, one in three Canadian women will suffer from hair loss—a life stage we'd rather skip, thanks. Viviscal's now extra-strength oral supplement is formulated with 50 percent more AminoMar C (the active ingredient promoting hair growth) than the original, as well as zinc, iron and vitamin C. Clinical results show noticeable thicker, fuller and healthier looking hair—no wig required.
Viviscal Extra Strength, $60, shoppersdrugmart.ca.
SCHEDULE YOUR STYLE
Put in a solid 30 minutes of hairstyling time early in the week, then use quick styling changes and dry shampoo for the rest of the week. "On Monday, start with tight curls achieved with a curling iron," says Roger Medina, a Toronto-based hairstylist and Garnier Canada ambassador. "Then, on Tuesday, push your hair to the side, and on Wednesday, add a braid. Thursday, put it half up in a bun. By Friday, you might be greasy—remember to use dry shampoo as needed—so brush your hair out and put it in a low pony. Stretching out your wash to last all week saves your hair from heat tools and hot water."
YOU ARE WHAT YOU EAT
Healthy hair starts with your diet. "Hair is predominantly made up of protein," says Casey Berglund, a Calgary-based registered dietician and the owner of worthyandwell.com. "However, it requires fats and micronutrients to be healthy." Consider unprocessed whole foods your best starting point. Healthy proteins (lean meat, eggs, beans, nuts), omega-3s (oily fish, chia seeds, walnuts, tofu) and vitamin B12 (meat, fish, dairy, nutritional yeast) are essential for strong, healthy hair. "When people are malnourished or chronically dieting, hair can appear dull and weak—and even fall out," says Berglund.
BUILD BETTER HAIR
These gel tubes from Nexxus are designed for hair that's been intensively damaged or exposed to harsh treatments, such as double processing (when hair is lightened by more than two shades and it's first bleached to remove pigments, then dyed to achieve the desired shade). They're also great if you have healthy fine hair that needs some responsiveness, says Kevin Mancuso, global creative director for Nexxus. Jam-packed with elastin proteins and marine collagen, the treatment strengthens and improves elasticity while repairing porosity. "Think of it as insulating the hair and rebuilding the cuticle wall from the inside out," says Mancuso. First, shampoo and rinse. Then, cover your hair in one dose of Emergencée Reconstructing Treatment, pressing it into your hair, and let it sit for 10 minutes, until it's almost hardened. Next, shampoo out the treatment and use a hair mask or conditioner.
Nexxus Emergencée Reconstructing Treatment, $20, nexxus.com.